When representatives of the Boston State School District decided to make changes to the existing educational geographic maps, they were helped by a group of scientists from the United States and Australia. As a result of their joint work, a more accurate map of the world was created, which they called “Equal Earth.”
The main problem of the vast majority of geographical maps is the errors in the dimensions of the objects depicted on it. The reason is that the maps are flat, and the Earth is round. Therefore, cartographers have to project a complex surface onto a plane.
There are many ways to solve this problem. So, for example, a fairly common type of maps with the Mercator projection was created, on which the poles are somewhat stretched, and the equatorial ones are on the contrary compressed to fix the latitude and longitude lines. As a result, such continents as Africa and South America have turned out to be much less than they really are, whereas Greenland seems huge.
Another attempt to overcome cartographic distortions is the map of Gull-Peters, where the dimensions of all continents are depicted as precisely as possible. However, a new problem arose with it – the continents turned out to be distorted, elongated. The map with the Robinson projection is an attempt to find a compromise between accuracy and appearance, and in part it was necessary to sacrifice precisely the accuracy.
The map with the “Equal Earth” projection has the same size and contours as the Robinson projection, but with the increased dimensions of the equatorial regions. To date, this is the most accurate mapping of our planet on the map plane.js.src = “&version=v2.8”; 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));