NEW YORK / SAN FRANCISCO: Beijing's unsuspecting thirst for the latest technology in the Silicon Valley, which is aimed to identify promising startups and bring them to China.
The surge in the number of China- focused accelerators – which support, mentor and investor in the Silicon Valley. At least 11 such programs have been created in the San Francisco Bay Area since 2013, according to the tech-sector data firm Crunchbase.
Some work directly with Chinese governments, which provide funding. Reuters interviews with the incubators showed that many were focused on bringing US startups to China.
For the US government officials wary of China's growing high-tech clout, the accelerator boom reaffirms fears that the US technology know-how is being transferred to China through investments, joint ventures or licensing agreements.
“Our Intellectual Property is the future of our economy and our security,” Senator Mark Warner, the Democratic Vice-Chairman of the US Senate Intelligence Committee, said in a statement to Reuters about Chinese accelerators. “China's government has clearly prioritized acquisitions as much as possible. Their ongoing efforts, legal or illegal, pose a risk that we have to look at very seriously. “
The US has moved to block many Chinese acquisitions in the tech sector, and is considering numerous measures that could impose sweeping new strictures on Chinese investment in Silicon Valley.
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And to be sure, the Chinese programs are a small part of the picture; there are 159 accelerators and 70 incubators of all types in the San Francisco Bay area, according to Crunchbase. Yet the accelerators reflect close ties between entrepreneurs, tech investors and top engineering talent in the US and China.
US universities remain a major training ground for Chinese engineers, for example, and US companies such as Microsoft have long had research laboratories in China.
Officials at several China-backed accelerators told Reuters their goal was to help startups gain access to the China market and nurture relationships between entrepreneurs and investors in both countries.
“We are building the door or bridge to the China market,” said Wei Luo, chief operating officer at ZGC Capital Corp., which runs the ZGC Innovation Center.
The center is backed by the Zhongguancun Development Group, an entity funded by the Beijing local government; its name refers to the Zhongguancun neighbourhood, which is sometimes called China's Silicon Valley.
Accelerators like ZGC “help US entrepreneurs understand China better”, Luo said.
Ethan Schur, an American entrepreneur and co -founder of Grush, a smart toothbrush that combines brushing with gaming to encourage children to clean their teeth, has teamed up with ZGC and called the partnership “very helpful”.
ZGC helped Grush set up shop in China, Schur said.
“For entrepreneurs David Lee and Grace Wang, who founded a ZGC-backed travel planning app called The Explorer.io, running a company that is not well connected to China is bad for business.
“It's all about collaboration,” said Wang, who was born in China and moved to the United States in 2011 for college before attending grad uate school at the University of California Berkeley. “There should be some way where we can help countries grow together and work with each other.”
During a Reuters visit, the ZGC Innovation Center in Santa Clara, in the heart of Silicon Valley, was bustling with tech entrepreneurs of both Chinese and American origin. Since its 2014 opening, the center has hosted 55 startups and has invested in more than 40.
Other accelerators in the valley that help governments; InnoSpring, Which investors include Legend Capital, a unit of Legend Holdings, the parent of the computer group Lenovo Group Ltd; and Shanghai Lingang Overseas Innovation Center, which is linked to the Shanghai government.
Jaunt, in which InnoSpring is an investor, has raised more than US $ 100mil (RM396.67mil) in funding. And the Chinese-backed incubator Amino Capital has a stake in Human Longevity, a health data company that has raised more than US $ 300mil (RM1.19bil).
Many local governments in China – like their counterparts in the United States – are eager to support startups in the name of economic development.
The accelerators work with companies in the fields including artificial intelligence, autonomous driving technology, big data and health sciences.
They often help US companies set up joint ventures or licensing agreements to enter China.
The Shanghai Lingang Overseas Innovation Center will “serve as a broker in technology transfer”, the Shanghai government said in a brief statement on its website in May 2016 to mark the opening of the center in downtown San Francisco.
have been no high-profile examples. But American heavyweights such as Apple, GM and even Michael Xenia, have been invaded US $ 3.5bil (RM135) .88bil) in 70 US and 15 Chinese startups in the last five years, said that who believe the intellectual property of theft is the price of the need to “understand China better”.
in the United States, it has improved, she said. Risks for startups are available in China, which include access to a huge market and a growing pool of talent, Wang said.
Sue Xu, a general partner at Amino Capital, said her firm had invested in more than 30% of them enter China.
“The Chinese market is huge, so the companies we invested in say 'We will not stop until we get into the Chinese market.' “she said.
Still, even deals in which US startups are gladly welcome Chinese investors concern some policymakers in Washington, DC
A study by the Defense Innovation Unit, an experimental unit, which invests in commercial technology on behalf of the US Department of Defense, said a report in January that Chinese investment in startups hit a record high of US $ 11.5bil (RM45.61bil) in 2015, or 16% of all technology deals that year.
For entrepreneurs like The Explorer.io co-founder Lee, who moved to the United States from South Korea 15 years ago, the hope is that suspicions about Chinese investors will eventually fade.
It is only a matter of time , he said, before people's realism that the suspicion of Chinese investment is “detrimental for the United States”. – Reuters