On October 8, more and more communities and nations of the United States recognize indigenous peoples, many people in the country have an interest – what kind of peoples were they and where did they live? It is no secret that in the process of rapid colonization, European settlers drove out or subjected to genocide many Indian tribes, establishing new borders and land names. And how was it before? The answer is the Native-Land project.
The author and lead developer of Native-Land is Victor Temprano, head of Mapster, which develops map services for a variety of purposes. The project started in 2015, at the time of the boom of resource extraction ideas in British Columbia, when a lot of new terrain data was needed. Temprano worked on pipeline laying routes and in almost every site faced the problems of confrontation between builders and the indigenous population of those lands. Information about who lives where was the key for his employers, and unwittingly attracted the attention of the cartographer himself.
When Temprano compared tribal residence cards from real data with those presented in official documents, he saw one fundamental contradiction. In state maps, the boundaries of the lands of the tribes are drawn from the principle of “where they were colonized, there will be”, in reality, many communities lived in other places and, if possible, returned back after exile. Moreover, previously there were often no clear boundaries, just two tribes could live on opposite sides of a river or mountain range, together using local resources.
The Native-Land project is open to all and does not pretend to the academic accuracy of the data; rather, it is an introductory one. In addition to the lands of the North American Indians, there are some information about the Indians of Latin America and the Australian Bushmen.js.src = “//connect.facebook.net/ru_RU/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.8”; 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));