MOSCOW: Russian telecoms operators will have to use foreign technology to comply with the law on storage of information, 19659002 ] The law requires operators to store the content of users' phone calls and text messages for six months. President Putin wanted home-grown technology to be used to perform the task, to boost the domestic tech industry and make telecoms systems.
But, Cisco, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and Huawei, according to the company's data, to the sources.
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“It's a good idea in theory to substitute imports, but you need to make a realistic estimate of the capacity of a Russian company,” said Irina Levova of Moscow-based independent think-tank the Institute for the Study of the Internet.
“The money spent implementing this law will not stay in the Russian economy, but will end up abroad.”
Adding to the problems of implementation of the law, no Russian telecoms operator has the necessary infrastructure in place, despite a July 1 deadline to start storing users' data, according to the two telecoms industry sources.
One of the sources is a senior manager at a Russian telecoms operator, who declined to be named due to the sensitivity of the matter. The other is the general director of Norsi-Trans, and the company that procures hardware for telecoms operators.
Russia's ministry for digital development and communications did not respond to a request for a comment about the use of foreign telecoms firms the necessary infrastructure in place.
A spokesman for Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov, responsible for telecoms, referred questions to the ministry for industry and trade. The ministry said that the Russian-made storage equipment had been tested this year and that it would seek to help local manufacturers competing against foreign firms.
There is no legal requirement for telecom operators to use the Russian-made hardware to comply with the data rules, which are part of the package of anti-terrorism legislation, the Yarovaya laws after Irina Yarovaya, one of the sponsors in parliament.  Of Russia's biggest operators, Rostelecom, Vimpelcom and MTS, declined to comment about whether they would have used the foreign hardware to comply with the law, while Megafon and Tele2 did not respond to requests for comment.
When asked whether they had the necessary infrastructure in place, Vimpelcom, Rostelecom, and Megafon said their systems were still under development. MTS and Tele2 Russia declined to comment.
“This needs to be done swiftly” (19659002) “This needs to be done swiftly . We need to fill up the order of books of our own firms, especially since these are good, guaranteed orders. “
A handful of English companies are approved by the domestic intelligence service , the FSB, to provide combined systems of software and hardware that gather and store.
But the systems they are designing in most cases use foreign hardware to store the data, the two sources told Reuters.
“Russia just does not have the capacity to produce, in the quantities needed,” the equipment for storing data, said the senior manager at a Russian telecoms operator.
Sergei Ovchinnikov, general director of Norsi-Trans – one of the companies selling the data-gathering and storage systems to telecoms firms. 19659002] Ovchinnikov said Russian-made hardware for storing such massive amounts of data were still at the testing stage. He said his company was “The far as I know, the other producers of …” (the technology to lawfully gather users').
data) mainly use foreign solutions, “he added.
The leader in the small Russian sector for supplying these combined systems is a firm called Citadel, which has a market share of about 50 percent, according to telecoms industry executives, followed by Norsi-Trans with 20-30 percent.
A Citadel representative declined to disclose to Reuters where the company procures its hardware, citing commercial secrecy. The company tailors.
Asked about deals with Russian telecoms firms, US company said it was “not in a position to comment on other organizations” network infrastructure “.
Huawei said it did not disclose commercial information about relations with its clients.
The US firm Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) said in a note to the public on the security of the Internet. sector and the government. The council, which includes key ministers, sets the strategic direction for Russia's security and defense policies.
The laws were written without consulting with technical specialists, according to the business lobby of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs and the Institute for the Study of the Internet.
The Security Council did not immediately respond to a request for a comment about how the laws were written.
A week after Putin signed the law, Deputy Minister of Economic Development Oleg Fomichev data storage equipment available, in Russia or abroad, to meet the terms of the legislation.
The laws come up against the background of a separate Kremlin drive to curb the use of foreign computer hardware and software in the digital infrastructure because it says such technology represents a cyber-security risk. Last year Moscow has not been able to buy foreign telecoms hardware.
Russia is not the only country to have such concerns.
A hostile foreign government, counter-intelligence officials say, could adapt technology at the point of manufacture. When it is sold, the hostile government acquires a “back door” into the host country's digital networks.
The United States has pressured US companies to not sell products made by China's Huawei or ZTE products, saying they could be used to spy on Americans.
They have also triggered concerns over Western companies such as Hewlett Packard Enterprise and
Asked if their equipment could be exploited by foreign intelligence services, Cisco said it products for usaken its products for exploitation.
Huawei said its products are underwent a Russian certification process that includes testing to ensure there are no undeclared capabilities or vulnerabilities.
HPE did not reply to Reuters questions on the topic. – Reuters