The idea comes from the last century – to introduce into the plants the mechanism of the glow of firefly beetles , so that photons of light are created in a passive way, simply ka to the side part of the life process of flowers, however, attempts at radical genetic engineering are more likely to fail than result, so the MIT went more simply, they identified three key components that provide fireflies with their luminescence and planted them in lettuce leaves.
The luminescence in the beetle's beak begins when a luciferin enzyme is acted upon by the luciferin molecule, and coenzyme A is used to enhance the process. The scientists divided these components into two groups and placed them in polymer nanocapsules. Luciferase, together with silicon through fertilizers, penetrates deep into the plant cells and remains there. It is worth spraying it with a solution of luciferin and coenzyme A, how the reaction begins and light appears.
The prototype of the luminous plant is very dim, 1/1000 of the brightness required for reading the text. But this is only the beginning – the researchers believe that they will not be difficult to optimize the process, and then establish the release of fertilizers with luciferase. And then you will just need to sprinkle on the leaf to make it glow, and for plants on the street you can use the garden watering system. A simple but useful element of the landscape design of the future.