The ancient eruption of Vesuvius literally made the heads of the Romans “explode” from within

<pre>The ancient eruption of Vesuvius literally made the heads of the Romans

A volcanic eruption brings death to all living things in many ways, and now scientists have learned about another. The source of knowledge was the remains of the inhabitants of the city of Herculaneum, which was destroyed during the epoch-making eruption of the volcano of Vesuvius in 79 AD. He is often remembered in connection with the death of the magnificent cultural center of Pompeii, but in these two places people died completely differently.

Pompeii was located on the coast, almost 20 km from Vesuvius, while Herculaneum stood at the very foot, in the path of pyroclastic flow. A mixture of heated to hundreds of degrees of gas, drops of lava and ash flew over the city at a speed of 500-700 km / h, instantly warming everything around. This process lasted only a few seconds, then the stream went farther to the sea, so many artifacts were preserved in Herculaneum – unlike Pompeii, where everything was filled up and burned with hot, heavy ash.

What happened to the inhabitants of Herculaneum, scientists dubbed “flash-cremation.” Extreme heat evaporated the liquid from their bodies faster than soft tissues began to char, the blood in the vessels literally boiled, which was accompanied by the effects of an explosion. So, for example, many skulls with characteristic breaks and cracks were found, which in the literal sense were punched from the inside by the pressure of steam, into which the brain fluid turned.

There was no chance of surviving in such conditions, but most of those people were hardly tormented. Most likely, they just had time to understand that something terrible had happened, and then they died for a few moments. And the fate of Herculaneum forever entered world history.

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