Patrons from the Silicon Valley awarded the” Breakthrough Prize “prize to biologist Joan Hori, sometimes referred to as the Oscar for Science , and received her Hori because she gave up her 30-year work to grow plants that are particularly resistant to different conditions, and now she will cultivate herb varieties that will remove carbon from the atmosphere and slow her warming.
According to Hori's calculations, she it takes ten years, $ 50 million and 5% of the world's arable land to form a “green refinery”, a cat It can absorb up to 50% of all CO2 emitted by humans into the air, these are mutant plants with a large volume of polymeric substance “Suberin” in the tissues, which already exists in the bark of some plants; which the suberina will be unusually many.
Suberin acts as a cork, an insulating layer that does not allow moisture and gases, including carbon dioxide. Plants can absorb and retain carbon for hundreds of years, if not millennia. What is important – without biodegradation of soil, and this gives a chance to use them as crops next to ordinary plants.
Joan Hawi is a prominent expert on controlled plant mutations. She brought out plant varieties that can grow in the dark, discovered growth hormones “brassinosteroids”, created dozens of resistant to colds and pathogens cultures. Also in the plans of the scientist to develop a new type of beans based on chickpea, which will exceed the protein content of cattle meat.