The first real Mac OS X, Panther

<pre>The first real Mac OS X, Panther

The new operating system has caused a flurry of criticism and many complaints. Probably, we all wanted her, as in fairy tales, to be born perfect and impeccable. Especially discontent intensified after the “funeral” of the classical system. But miracles do not happen.

What Steve Jobs did was quite often puzzling. Here, for example, the murder of the classical system, in public, in front of the cameras. The new system, about which so many years talked and dreamed, was still far from ideal. Perhaps it did not reach the level usual for Apple.

But Steve “burned bridges”, now there was no turning back. In May 2002, the official version of Mac OS X was Puma, Mac OS 10.1, a free upgrade to the very first official release. Three months later came Jaguar, Mac OS 10.2. The new big cat was noticeably better than its predecessors, it could be used – but still, it was not the Mac OS.

The fact that on the “apple” side of the computer civilization is not so bad, I learned only by trying to install two versions of Windows on one PC-shku, bought his son. Even at the very bottom, in my opinion, the Macs were the best. And maybe I just knew them better and understood them.

However, more important than the user interface and its inconsistencies and shortcomings, I was bothered by bugs in Project Builder, the developer's environment transferred from NeXTSTEP almost unchanged. She was hammered into a new system for her, and achieved her more or less steady work.

There were more and more releases of Project Builder, and “known bugs”, time after time, were still in their places …

Panther: this system will turn your computer into a new one

Advertising slogans, alas, all more often a complete lie. Business is a war on which you kill, you can say that this is a lie for salvation, but Panther, who got up on both my computers in general without any problems (although there was a tooth grinding on the forums, and I was just lucky), and I still encountered problems , later – but the effect of its installation was incredible.

My iMac G3 looked younger. I already had a multicolored Power Macintosh G4, the main working machine, it simply and immediately earned, and became more jerky. But the iMac accelerated at times. I do not know what they did, but they managed to surprise, if not all, many.

At that time, there were no numerous “noncomputer products” in our days yet, Apple still did not take off, and Mac OS X was a key product of the company, it was taken very seriously. The company was still called Apple Computer, computers and operating systems were the main theme of almost all the marketing activities of the company – the times were great …

The iPod still had “moderate success”, I guess that Steve wanted to push the FireWire market, for FireWire, used only on Macs, these devices were incompatible with other computer platforms. Other incompatibilities could be solved without special problems.

Bugs of the first release of 10.3 were quickly eliminated after two weeks, in 10.3.1. Not everything, because one more bug-fix, 10.3.2, was released on December 17. None of the bugs that prevented me from living for one and a half months was in 10.3.2. I already then tried not to purchase operating systems in the last digit of which the version is zero. Or implied. Usually I start with x.x.2.

At 10.3 I switched immediately, according to the production need.

And, in my opinion, the real story of Mac OS X began exactly with the Panther: now that all the forces of the developers of operating systems were concentrated on it, including the separation of user interfaces, it ceased to look like a stranger. It was again the Mac OS.

New in the Panther

Steve argued that the Panther has 150 important changes. I do not know, the attempts to count them were not too successful, my colleagues and I counted their pieces 40 – but Jobs probably knew something that we did not know about. This contradicts the fact that he was talked about and written about, but this is a fact: he tried to speak only the truth, and if he exaggerated something that can not be checked, then within the bounds of decency.

If in fact there were innovations, say, 137, you will agree: there is no difference. It was a real breakthrough.

The Finder has changed, it's an analog of Windows Explorer, if anyone does not know. There was a rapid user switching: now you could log in without leaving your previous session. To switch between accounts, you had to enter a password, but it really was Fast User Switching.

Increasing the size of the screens and the amount of resources on the average computer led to side effects: it was possible to lose the window on the desktop earlier, if you tried very hard, now it was an objective reality given to us in the sensations. Apple found its solution for this problem, Exposé. With this technology, it was now very easy to display a reduced image of all open windows. You will not believe, but this innovation was given a standing ovation.

And … still frozen in the primordial wildness of Project Builder, to which everyone is already accustomed, but continued to grumble and compare it with Metrowerks CodeWarrior, left. He was replaced by Xcode, developed in Apple, with the participation of the user interfaces department, and all the old bugs, some of which were known back in the days of NeXT, are gone …

Xcode is a separate topic, I apologize to those who do not like continuations …

Also, the default browser was Safari …


In 1997, Steve Jobs agreed with Bill Gates on the release and support of Microsoft Explorer on the Macintosh platform for five years, the browser that was considered the best. Not all, but it does not matter: Microsoft's support was valuable in and of itself. It helped.

In 2002, the agreement expired. Over the past five years, Microsoft's Mac has grown from a few hundred to two or three thousand, aside from Apple, Microsoft has become the largest software developer for Macs in the world. Bill announced his readiness to extend the agreement, but …

At the MacWorld Expo in San Francisco, January 7, 2003, Steve introduced Safari, and the WebKit engine. The engine was developed on the basis of KHTML, an open source engine, with all the rules. That is, WebKit, as required by the KHTML license, became another open-source engine.

Apple has repeatedly accused of stealing this engine, naturally unofficially, not through a court and, as you know, unreasonably. These engines have common roots, but are quite different from each other.

The beta version of Safari 1.0 was posted on the Apple website for free download on the same day. Hundreds of thousands of volunteer beta testers downloaded the “apple” browser in the first week after its debut.

During the six months of running on users, a few more beta releases were released, it was impossible to fail with this project, and June 23, 2003 Safari 1.0 was released .

In the Panther, it became the default browser, pushing the Explorer back to second place.

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