The famous particle accelerator in Switzerland, the notorious Large Hadron Collider, began working with fundamentally new materials for this field – atoms with electrons. This is dictated by the need to move further in the study of the microworld, scientists want to pass through the accelerator and collide as many different types of particles as possible. Only from the engineering point of view, the problem is archetypal.
While small particles, usually protons, were flying at light speeds, there were no special problems, since the system was primarily created for this purpose. However, new experiments require a variety of accelerated particles and first scientists managed to launch a nucleus of an atom into flight, and now a whole atom of lead with one electron. The problem is that this electron can easily “get lost” in the strongest magnetic field of the collider in the process of dispersal.
If an atom loses its electron, its total charge loses its synchronization with the magnetic field of the collider, the particle is knocked off the flight trajectory and cuts into the wall. To avoid this, engineers conducted a painstaking calibration of the system and managed in the first experiment to keep a low-energy atomic beam for an hour. At the peak of power, the atoms flew for two minutes before the protective automatics worked. In the second experiment with the acceleration of atoms, it was possible to double the time of their flight through the accelerator.
But why such difficulties? But why – the collision of atoms with electrons generates the most powerful gamma radiation. If this process is stabilized, the gamma rays themselves will turn into a new tool that will allow to conduct experiments with the most exotic types of matter in the Universe. At least, scientists hope so.js.src = “&version=v2.8”; 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));