The most powerful X-ray laser in the world managed to boil water to the state of a strange “liquid plasma”

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<pre>The most powerful X-ray laser in the world managed to boil water to the state of a strange

A team of German and Swedish scientists, exploring different states of water, used in their experiments an unusual instrument – a laser coherent light source. This is an X-ray laser, and the most powerful in the world. The device generates very short bursts of radiation with a monstrous energy release, causing the matter to behave differently than we used to.

In a water experiment, scientists simply “boiled” it for 75 femtoseconds, having managed to warm it up to 100,000 ° for this insignificant period of time C. And they got a new, obscure kind of substance, which was conditionally called “water plasma”. It is also a “liquid plasma,” since, with the explicit properties of the plasma, the object of the liquid was also fixed in the object.

With ordinary heating, the liquid molecules gradually receive energy and begin to oscillate, but when irradiated with an X-ray laser, electrons literally knocked out of them. All molecular bonds were instantly destroyed, the atoms turned into an ionized medium and had to become a plasma. However, because of the incredibly high rate of the process, they did not have time to scatter and the density of the substance remained the same as that of liquid water.

And if so, what parameters of thermal conductivity, heat capacity, electrical conductivity will this form of matter have? The researchers have already found similarities with the substance in the gas giant Jupiter, but mostly terra incognita and the experiments will continue. In parallel, the X-ray laser itself is subjected to the study, which they hope to use in future to obtain different types of particles and matter.

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