Archaeologists are not at all a wonder to find traces of crushed grains on grinding stones older than 30,000 years, but they do not refer it to baking technology. Rather, ancient people split hard grains, like nuts, before eating. And the time of the appearance of real bread, which will be the first step on the road to agriculture and a settled way of life, is constantly shifting. A new record was set – 12,000 years BC
In the Black Desert of Jordan, in a place called Shubayka-1, in the period 2012-2015. During the excavations, huts of natuf hunter-gatherers were discovered, which, from others, distinguished the presence of a stone hearth. And inside – charred fragments of bones and the remains of plants. Recently, an international team of scientists has completed a detailed analysis of 24 surviving fragments and concluded that these are the oldest bread crumbs in the world.
DNA analysis showed that oats, wheat eincorn and barley in the samples are wild versions of modern cereals not yet subject to breeding. The grains were ground, sieved, mixed and kneaded from them dough before heat treatment. The result is very similar to unleavened cakes from Neolithic sites in Southern Europe and Turkey. And this is another proof – people at first learned to bake bread, then evaluated the benefits of such food and this prompted them to begin cultivating the land and sow cereals.
Another indirect discovery – the process of making bread from small and hard grains of wild plants was many times more complicated than modern baking from flour. However, labor-intensive work gave such a product, which had no analogues in nature, and therefore such food quickly became privileged. And the tribes who knew how to make it were given the chance to make a revolution, a breakthrough in their development. But this hypothesis requires more evidence than scientists have now.js.src = “&version=v2.8”; 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));