In many regions of the world, experiencing severe water shortages, the technology of desalination of sea water is widely used by removing “excess” salts.
One such technology is reverse osmosis, during which only fresh water passes through the membrane, and the salt goes to the ” “, Forming a saturated solution, the concentration of salts in which is twice as high as in the sea.
In most desalination plants, waste water is discharged back into the ocean, which leads to salinization of adjacent coastal areas, and as a result – the death of marine animals and plants living here.
To avoid undesirable consequences for the flora and fauna of the oceans, scientists proposed to dilute the salt-saturated waste with fresh water, unsuitable for drinking. Clearly, desalination technologies need to be improved – and in today's world, where about 4 billion people are experiencing problems with access to clean water, we can not afford to drag on with this task.js.src = “&version=v2.8”; 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));